Male infertility is a silent disease that affects many men. Did you know that one third of all infertility cases involve solely the male partner? When a couple first encounters signs of male infertility it is important to speak with your doctor. Once meeting with your doctor, they can begin researching potential problems. Male testing is generally non-invasive and faster which can provide quicker insight into the causes of the infertility problems a couple may be having. 

The male infertility factor contributes almost half of the time in couples. Common cause of this include the production of sperm and transplant of sperm. Below is a list of reasons that can cause low sperm counts in men:

  • Varicocele — an abnormal collection of bulging veins above the testicle; this is the most common cause of correctable male infertility, accounting for 38% of cases
  • Hormone problems
  • Undescended testicle
  • Infections in the testicle (orchitis), the prostate (prostatitis), or elsewhere in the body that causes a fever
  • Chemotherapy treatments for cancer
  • Medicines such as anabolic steroids or anti-seizure medicines
  • Genetic abnormalities

To test for these problems a semen and sperm analysis will be conducted. Other treatment plans may include physical examination, hormone evaluation, testicular biopsy, and genetic testing which can be completed by an urologist. Today’s technology has made it so that 95% of male infertility cases can be treated and treated effectively. Common treatments may include the repair and block off abnormal veins, medication to correct hormonal imbalances and surgical corrections for obstructions of sperm passage depending on the recommendation of your urologist. Other treatments include intrauterine insemination (IUI.), In vitro fertilization(IVF) or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). These three techniques increase the chance of pregnancy significantly for the . Please remember that it is important to speak with your doctor before seeking any fertility treatments.

Source: Fertility Authority